The North Eastern Province is one of the former provinces in Kenya. It has a land area of 127,358.5 km², with its former capital at Garissa.
Previously known as the Northern Frontier District (NFD), it has historically been exclusively inhabited by ethnic Somalis.
Here are 10 things you may not know about the three districts of Mandera, Wajir and Garissa that made up the former North Eastern Province:
1. Mandera borders Balad Hawo town in Somalia on the east and Suftu in Ethiopia to the north
2.River Daua marks the boundary between Mandera in Kenya and Suftu in Ethiopia
3. In addition to its huge livestock potential, Mandera is an agricultural town that produces maize, various fruits and vegetables and other crops, thanks to water from River Daua.
4. Mandera is home to Malka Mari National Park, situated along the Daua River, on the Kenya-Ethiopia border.
5. In Wajir town human waste disposal is undertaken through a bucket latrine system.
6. The bucket latrine system was introduced by the colonial government because of the high water table in the area and was to prevent underground water contaminations which was and is the only source of water supply in Wajir.
7. The former Wajir District (now Wajir County) is the third largest in Kenya after the former Marsabit and Turkana districts
8. Wajir is a Borana (Oromo) word that means coming together, in reference to the different clans and pastoral communities that used to congregate in areas around Wajir town to water their animals from the abundant and dependable shallow wells that characterize the general land geomorphology.
9. Garissa is also another agricultural town in North Eastern Kenya. Agricultural schemes in Garissa are irrigated by River Tana.
10. The former Garissa District (now Garilssa County) is home to one of the largest refugee camps in the world, the Dadaab Refugee complex.